MAINTENANCE

Bermuda

Water Needs:  Low–apply .5 to 1 inch of water as a deep soaking every 5-7 days to encourage a deep, healthy root system during dry or hot periods.  Avoid frequent shallow watering that result in shallow roots, permitting weed germination and growth.

Mowing & Thatching:  Optimum mowing height of 1/2-1 inch for high quality lawn.  Mow regular with a sharp reel or rotary mower, allowing clippings from frequent mowing to remain on the lawn.  Never remove more than 1/3 of shoot growth at one mowing.  Bermuda grass does develop thatch at higher nitrogen levels and may require vertical cutting.  Fertilize and water well after vertical cutting.

Soil & Fertilization Needs:  Tolerates alkaline and slightly acidic soils–Use a complete fertilizer containing nitrogen, phosphate, and potassium in spring and fall–Apply N at 2-4 lbs. per 1000 sq. ft. of lawn annually.  For quality hybrid Bermuda grass turf, apply 1/2-1 lb. nitrogen per 1000 sq. ft. at monthly interval during growing season.

Weed Control:  MSMA and 2-4D will control any weeds.  Will probably need 2 applications early spring, 7-10 days apart.  Continue applications until weeds eliminated.  Do not water treated areas for at least 24 hours after application.

Zoysia

Water Needs:Low to medium – apply at least 1 inch of water as a deep soaking every 5-7 days to encourage a deep, healthy root system during dry or hot periods.  Avoid frequent shallow watering that result in shallow roots, permitting weed germination and growth.

Mowing & Thatching:  Optimum mowing height of 1/2-1 1/2 inches, allowing clippings to remain on the lawn.  Never remove more than 1/3 of shoot growth at one mowing.  Fertilize and water well after cutting.

Soil & Fertilization Needs:  Use a complete fertilizer in spring and fall–Apply nitrogen at 2-4 lbs. per 1000 sq. ft. annually.  Can also add 1/2-1 lb. nitrogen monthly during growing season.

Weed Control:  Use a mixture of 2-4D and MSMA to prevent grass and broadleaf weeds from germinating.  You may need 2 applications @ 4-week intervals, plus weekly mowing @ 1 inch, will favor establishment of grass.

Fescue

Water Needs:  Moderate–apply .5 to 1 inch of water as a deep soaking every 3-7 days to encourage a deep, healthy root system during dry or hot periods.  Avoid frequent shallow watering that result in shallow roots, permitting weed germination and growth.

Mowing & Thatching:  Optimum mowing height of 2-3 inches.  Mow regular allowing clippings to remain on the lawn.  Never remove more than 1/3 of shoot growth at one mowing.  Tall Fescue forms very little thatch.

Soil & Fertilization Needs:  Fertilize twice a year, spring and fall, with complete fertilizer containing nitrogen, phosphate, and potassium–Apply N at 2-4 lbs. per 1000 sq. ft. per year.  Will respond well to high nitrogen applications to achieve a higher quality turf.  Water thoroughly after fertilization.

Weed Control:  MSMA and 2-4D will control any weeds.  Probably will need 2 applications early spring, 7-10 days apart.  Continue applications until weeds eliminated.  Do not water treated areas for at least 24 hours after application.

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